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谈谈精益与其他问题解决方法的区别

日期: 2019-05-15
浏览次数: 11

当今世界,各个行业和专业领域都发展了相当多的问题解决方法,其中,一些方法适用于小规模的工作,而另一些更适合于跨组织多个部分的主要的项目。为解决你所在的企业的具体问题,选择正确的方法或者方法系列,对于确保企业长久的成功非常重要,而今提出的一个常见问题便是:精益生产和其他解决问题方法之间的特定的区别。

 

Flexibility in Adaptation

适应上的灵活性

 

At its core, lean is meant to be fast and flexible, easy to adapt to any situation regardless of the context. For many, its versatility is indeed its true power and the biggest factor of attraction that draws them towards the area. And as time goes by and more people join the field, lean keeps evolving into an even more powerful set of tools for reaching a quick resolution to a problem.

 

从本质上讲,无论背景如何,精益生产意味着快速和灵活,很容易适应于各种情况。对我们中的大多数人来说,精益生产的通用性诚然是其真正的力量,也是吸引我们进入该领域的最大的因素。随着时间的推移,越来越多的人加入到精益生产这一领域,精益生产不断发展成为一整套可以快速解决问题的更强有力的工具。

 

You’ll often find that tutorials about lean don’t focus on any specific industry when teaching you how to apply those practices. There will likely be many examples inspired from real-life situations, but in the end the knowledge you’ll attain can be applied to pretty much any industry where you can abstract things to a set of components that interact with each other.

 

在被传授如何将精益生产应用到实践中时,我们通常会发现精益生产的教程并不会重点关注某个具体的行业。我们可能会有很多从实际生活中获得灵感的例子。最终,我们获得的知识却几乎可以应用于所有的行业,而在这些行业中,我们可以将事物概况为一系列相互作用的部分。

 

Many of the popular problem-solving techniques of today are designed for a specific application within a single industry, and even lean itself has branched out somewhat with different “flavors” meant to suit the needs of specific industries better. For example, agile software development describes a set of practices that don’t really make sense when building anything other than software products, while lean development is based on somewhat more higher-level concepts that can easily be ported to another type of work.

 

当今,许多常见问题的解决方法都是为某个行业内的具体应用而设计的,为了更好地满足特定行业的需求,就连精益生产本身也是有一些不同的“风味”的。例如,敏捷软件开发描述了一组在构建除软件产品之外没有真正意义的实践,而精益开发是基于一些更高级的概念,这些概念可以很容易地移植到其他类型的工作之中。

 

Constant Development

持续发展

 

As we mentioned above, lean is also seeing active development today, and this is another major benefit in the eyes of many of its supporters. Many other methodologies are outdated and describe techniques that would make more sense if you forgot that things like computers and the internet exist, but not lean. It’s commonly evaluated and pushed forward by a large number of people, making it one of the ultimate tools in the arsenal of the leader who wants to always be at the forefront of contemporary developments.

 

如前所述,我们在今天看到了精益生产的积极发展,这是许多精益生产支持者眼中的另一个主要的好处。不少其他的方法已经过时,如果忘记了计算机和互联网这样的东西存在的话,而却没有忘记精益生产的话,那么,描述这些方法就更有意义了。通常是由大量的人员评估和推动精益生产,让其成为希望始终处于当代发展的前沿的领导者的最重要的工具之一。

 

An Opposing View

相反观点

 

It’s worth noting that some see this as a problem rather than an advantage, claiming that lean is too unwieldy and difficult to retain a level of high experience in. But in today’s world, this should really be seen as a benefit more than anything else, as it means that you’ll never be forced to work with ideas that don’t match the current state of affairs.

 

值得注意的是,有些人认为这不是一个优势,而是一个问题,他们声称精益生产是不太实用的,而且难以维持高水平的经验。不过,在当今世界,这确实应该被视为比任何事情都更为有益的,因为这意味着你永远不会被迫用与不符合当前形势的想法去工作。

 

Sure, it also means that you’ll have to put a lot more effort into your training, and that the training itself will be a long-term continuous process rather than a one-time thing, but this is how a true leader must develop his/her skillset in the first place. You can’t expect to take a few courses over the period of a couple of months and call it a day for the rest of your career – you have to stay involved in your industry and always be on the lookout for ways to improve your skills. And learning lean is definitely one of the best ways to go about that today.

 

当然,这也意味着我们必须投入更多的精力到培训中,而培训本身是长期的持续过程,而不是一次性的。不过,这却是真正的领导者必须首先培养自己能力的方式。我们不能指望在几个月时间里修几门课,然后称之为职业生涯的最后一天。你得继续留在你所在的行业,并一直寻找提高技能的方法,而学习精益生产无疑是当前最佳方法之一。

 

And if you’re feeling inclined, you may even find yourself contributing to the field eventually – it’s quite the open community, with plenty of people who are willing to listen to your ideas and provide constructive criticism. After all, these are the kinds of people who push lean forward today in the first place, so there’s no reason to believe that you can’t become a part of that community and contribute to the development of something great.

 

假如有这种倾向,你甚至会发现自己最终会为精益生产领域做出贡献。精益生产,是非常开放的社区,很多人乐于倾听你的想法,并能提出建设性的批评。毕竟,这些人都是今天推动精益生产得以前进的人员,因而,我们无理由相信你不能成为精益生产社区的一员,并为其的发展做出自己的贡献。

 

Conclusion 结论

 

It can take a long time to properly compare lean against other popular problem-solving methodologies, but the important thing to take away from the whole idea behind lean is that it’s simply the best strategy for those who want to stay relevant and up to date with current events. It’s the most flexible approach to solving problems of many kinds, and it’s also not too difficult to get involved with it even without any prior experience.

 

也许,将精益生产与其他常见的问题解决方法进行适当的比较需要很长时间。但是,重要的一点是:我们可以得到精益生产背后的整体思想是-精益生产,对于那些希望那些与时俱进和紧跟当前事件的人而言,确实是最佳策略。精益生产,是解决各种问题最为灵活的方法,而且即使是没有任何既往经验去参与其中也并不难。


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